Strengthening GST Laws to Combat Money Laundering: A Step Towards Transparency

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CA Mayur Joshi
CA Mayur Joshi
CA Mayur Joshi is a Forensic Accounting evangelist in India. He is the co-founder of Indiaforensic and is author of 7 books on forensic accounting, fraud investigations and money laundering.

The implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India marked a significant milestone in the country’s tax reform. However, like any other system, GST has faced challenges in the initial years which included GST Money Laundering. To tackle this problem effectively, the Indian government has taken steps to strengthen the GST laws and enhance cooperation with Enforcement Directorate (ED).

GST money laundering refers to the illegal practice of generating fake invoices within the GST system to create a false money trail, facilitating the laundering of illicit funds. This activity not only undermines the integrity of the tax system but also poses a significant risk to the economy by enabling money laundering and other financial crimes.

Combating GST money laundering

GST laws in India have provisions to address the issue of fake invoices and prosecute those involved in such activities. The laws enable the arrest and prosecution of individuals found to be generating fake invoices. However, there was a need to enhance the detection and investigation capabilities by collaborating with other agencies such as the Enforcement Directorate (ED) and the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) under the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance.

To strengthen the fight against GST money laundering, the GSTN has been included under the purview of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA). This move allows the ED and FIU to share information with the GSTN, enabling better tracing of GST offenses. The objective is to create a centralized platform for analyzing crucial information related to financial transactions, invoices, and tax compliance.

Expanding the Scope of the PMLA Law

The government has brought the Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) under the Prevention of Money-laundering Act (PMLA), as per a notification dated 7th July 2023.

In recent months, there has been an expansion in the scope of the PMLA law, with various entities and government departments, such as chartered accountants, company secretaries, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI), the Ministry of External Affairs, and the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), mandated to share information with the ED.

In this context, including the GSTN under the PMLA demonstrates a pattern of information exchange aimed at detecting and preventing malfeasance.

Benefits of Information Sharing

The inclusion of the GSTN in the information-sharing framework enables revenue authorities to swiftly trace laundering activities, including fake invoices. This comprehensive data exchange facilitates the quick recovery of lost tax revenues and expedites prosecution proceedings. Moreover, with the advancement of data-gathering mechanisms, GSTN can leverage technology to enhance its ability to identify financial irregularities.

Ensuring Compliance and Transparency

The primary objective of these measures is to reinforce the importance of compliance and transparency in the GST system. By making it clear that no one can hide from their obligations, the government aims to instill a sense of accountability among taxpayers. It is crucial to strike a balance between identifying wrongdoings and providing opportunities for taxpayers to address any interpretational issues or misunderstandings, thus preventing unnecessary harassment. The exchange of information between the ED and the GSTN empowers both agencies in investigating cases more effectively. The GSTN’s access to ED data assists in identifying money trails associated with fraud. It will also facilitate quicker tax recovery from fraudsters. Furthermore, the shared information strengthens the evidence required for effective prosecution, ensuring that offenders are held accountable for their actions.


These amendments to incorporate the GSTN into the PMLA framework ensures a transparent taxation system. The collaboration between enforcement agencies and the GSTN, combined with the extensive data, will enhance the investigation process. It will also facilitate the recovery of lost GST revenues. These measures also serve as a deterrent, urging taxpayers to fulfill their obligations honestly and responsibly. Ultimately, the evolution and expansion of the GST system contribute to a more equitable and robust economy for India.

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